In the vast world of investment, many foreigners remain unaware of the promising opportunities India has to offer. The truth is you, as a foreign investor, can actively participate in the growth story of India by investing in Indian Companies. Let’s delve into the avenues and possibilities through the Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) route, demystifying the process for you.

What Are FPI Services?

Foreign Portfolio Investment, or FPI, is a gateway that allows foreign investors to engage with Indian financial markets. It’s a means for you to invest in Indian companies and participate in the dynamic landscape of the country’s economy.

Understanding FPI Categories

FPI is categorized into two main groups: Category 1 and Category 2.

  1. Category 1 FPIs:
  • Includes government and government-related investors.
  • Generally, these entities are provided with a deemed FPI license.
  1. Category 2 FPIs:
  • Comprises broad-based funds, appropriately regulated entities, and university funds.
  • Requires registration with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

Asset Classes for Investments

Now, let’s explore the various asset classes available for your investments:

  1. Shares, Debentures, and Warrants: Issued by a listed or to-be-listed company.
  2. Units of Mutual Funds: Equity and Bond Schemes open for investment.
  3. Units of Collective Investment Schemes: Investment opportunities in diversified portfolios.
  4. Derivatives: Instruments for risk management and speculation.
  5. Units of Real Estate Investment Trusts, Infrastructure Investment Trusts, and Units of Category III AIF: Investments in real estate and infrastructure projects.
  6. Indian Depository Receipts: Global instruments representing shares of Indian companies.
  7. Debt Securities: Bonds and debt instruments for fixed-income investments.

Secondary Market Transactions

When engaging in secondary market transactions, some key considerations include:

  • Transactions should be delivery-based.
  • Dealing must be through a registered stockbroker.
  • Securities should be in dematerialized form.
  • Single FPI equity shareholding, including its investor group, should remain below 10% of the paid-up equity capital of the investee company.

Benefits of FPI

Embracing FPI comes with several advantages:

  1. Diversification: FPI allows you to diversify your investment portfolio across various asset classes and sectors, reducing overall risk exposure. This diversification strategy is crucial for creating a resilient and well-balanced investment portfolio.
  2. Market Access: Gain direct access to one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. India, with its robust economic growth and emerging sectors, offers ample opportunities for foreign investors seeking long-term capital appreciation.
  3. Flexibility: FPI provides flexibility in managing your investments. Whether you are looking for high-growth equities, stable fixed-income options, or exposure to alternative assets, the Indian market caters to diverse investment preferences.
  4. Regulatory Support: SEBI and other regulatory bodies oversee and regulate the Indian financial markets. This ensures a transparent and secure investment environment. Regulatory support fosters trust and confidence among foreign investors, promoting a healthy investment ecosystem.
  5. Potential Returns: By investing in India’s thriving market, you open up possibilities for substantial returns. The country’s dynamic economic landscape and growing sectors offer potential for capital appreciation and attractive investment returns.
  6. Global Exposure: FPI allows foreign investors to gain global exposure by investing in Indian companies. This exposure enhances the overall geographical diversification of your investment portfolio, reducing dependence on any single market.
  7. Strategic Investment Opportunities: FPI facilitates strategic investment opportunities in real estate, infrastructure, and various sectors critical to India’s economic development. This allows foreign investors to align their investment strategies with India’s growth story.


As a foreign investor, navigating the Indian investment landscape with FPI opens up avenues for growth and diversification. The simplicity of FPI procedures, coupled with a range of asset classes, positions India as an attractive investment destination. Samarth Capital, not only guides but also keeps you informed on investment restrictions in India, so that with careful considerations and a strategic approach, you can not only participate in India’s economic growth but also potentially reap significant returns on your investments. Take the step to explore FPI opportunities and embark on a journey of financial growth and prosperity.